Pictures taken during Spanish American War

I found these pictures among my Grandfather, Joseph Phillips' personal papers. He was a veteran of the Spanish American War where he contracted malaria while there. Mr. Hubert Mussler sent these pictures to my Grandfather in 1944. If you have information concerning the places or people please email me Joe Payne
I recently received my grandfather's Army Discharge Information that included his first enlistment in May 24, 1898 in the 2nd Regiment, Company M, Tennessee Volunteers where he spent time until his discharge in February 8, 1899. He then re-enlisted to rejoin the fight but only stayed until October 1899 when he returned and in May of that year he was discharged because of malaria. His brother Fred Phillips also enlisted at the time of his second enlistment and evidently served in the Philippines. From the website Index to Service Abstracts in Tennessee Volunteer Units During the Spanish American War - "The men of the First were sent from Camp Merritt in California to help hold the Philippine Islands after the Filipino insurrection against Spanish colonial rule. Later, when Regular Army units were authorized to replace the volunteer units in the Philippines, a number of Tennesseans reenlisted in the Regular Army." I have more information regarding Capt. Fred Phillips while on duty with the 1st Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers.


Letter to my Grandfather who was Agent, U.S. Treasury from Hubert Mussler, New York.
letter2.jpg saw1.jpg
Written on back" K-3 Cav. Non-Com." I found this to be Troop K - Nebraska 3rd U.S. Volunteer Cavalry.
In April 1898, the Regiment was assembled at Camp Thomas, Georgia in Chickamauga National Park, and assigned to a brigade in a provisional cavalry division. On 13 May 1898, the Regiment arrived in Tampa, Florida. On 8 June, the Regiment, minus four troops, embarked for Cuba with the rest of the invasion force. During the Spanish-American War, the 3d Cavalry Regiment participated in the attacks on San Juan and Kettle Hills, placing the first American flag at the points of victory. After the war, the Regiment was ordered to the Philippines, this time for garrison duty.
Written on back - Stable Guard, Lavag (Laoag). I am the one with the hat on. Joe Phillips.
Bringing in Rice
Lavag (Laoag), Ilucos Norte
St. Augustine Church (most popularly known as "Paoay Church") was built in 1694 commissioned by the Augustinian friars led by Fr. Antonio Estavillo. The Church was completed in 1710 and rededicated in 1896. The bell tower served as an observation post in 1896 for the Katipuneros during the Philippine revolution against the Spaniards.
Astor Battery below Manila (howitzers), See this article for more regarding Col. John Jacob Astor Battery. It is said that Jacob J. Astor fought in the Philippines with "great bravado". But according to others "He saw brief service in the field in Cuba, was invalided out, and returned home hailed as a warrior-patriot. From then on he was Colonel Astor. It was "Colonel Astor," according to a headline, who "Went Down Waving Farewell to His Bride" on the Titanic in 1912.
Headhunters, Northern Luzon
Elderly Ifugao man in full headhunter regalia.
Dingras, Ibocas or Ilocos Norte
Bringing in the Water.
Horse Race
Corrigedor Island, Building
Inside Jail, Lavag (Laoag) - Not sure when the Army Regulars took back the Jail at Laoag but an account of U.S. Regular Army POW's being taken to Laoag then escaping and fearing the Headhunters is "Leland Smith: American POW in 1899 During the Philippine Insurrection".
Granddad inside his tent

Granddad inside his tent.

Letter from Madalene Goad Young, daughter of John Goad and Martha Phillips, sister of Joseph T. Phillips says that Ann Simpson, who is mentioned as working with my grandfather in Louisville in his Louisville-Courier clippings, sent her this following Aunt Victoria Phillips Norrod's death in 1972.
Regarding the jail or prison at Lavog I found the following in material from the Rutherford B. Hayes Library/Museum - Volume05 AppendixC LIBRARYMUSEUM. The Library Museum contains General Hayes's war relics and war photographs and numerous curios collected on his trips while President.

A carillon of bells hangs between the two central columns with two bronze Catholic mission bells, one used as an ash tray and cuspidor in the prison occupied by Lieutenant Gilmore, U. S. N., and American sailors while prisoners in Vigan, northern Luzon, September, 1899; the other, broken in the engagement at Laoag, presented to Colonel Hayes by the Spanish padre in ap- preciation of rations furnished to the seven-hundred Spanish soldiers who had been held as prisoners of war by the Filipinos. These were fed with American rations until they were re- patriated to Manila en route to Spain in 1899.