I am just using some of the Embassies that my brother was either stationed or that he was consultant on the building of during early construction - 1990's

As of today one of the few coun-tries that we have diplomatic relations with that we have as of yet decided to build a NEW Embassy compound is Beirut, Lebanon. A place where the rule I before E except after C DOES NOT FIT. - July 2006 GAO Report to to Committee Foreign Relations - EMBASSY CONSTRUCTION - State Has Made Progress Constructing New Embassies, but Better Planning Is Needed for Operations and Maintenance Requirements

MSNBC August 2008 - New embassy reflects growing ties to China - U.S. facility will be second-largest in the world after Baghdad compound - Richard Ingle visits the New Baghdad Embassy -

China remained in the background in global affairs for two decades after its 1979 opening and the launch of economic reform. But over the past decade, Beijing influence has expanded with activities ranging from taking on a bigger role in U.N. peacekeeping to acting as host and a key player in international negotiations on North Korea's nuclear program. (Click on Picture for Pakistani - Karakul Hat Examples - This hat is made from the wool of Karakul sheep. The current president of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai is almost always wearing one of these hats.)

In 1986, Joe Toussaint was first sent to Beijing to scope out a site for a new U.S. embassy. Bicycles filled the streets, and citizens dressed in monochrome gray, he recalled. (Probably much like the citizens of East Burr-Lynn when I visited there in 1969)(On December 14, 1986 Al George Payne passed away of a heart attack while his son George Edward Payne was on assignment in Beijing, China, staying just outside Tienanmen Square where he had phoned home for the past several weeks. George was there to consult on State Department security issues that would be involved while building a new U.S. Embassy in Beijing. George had been Regional Security Officer for that region years before 1972-1976 while serving in Taipei, Taiwan and had traveled to China several times then.)

"You can imagine how different it was then," said Toussaint, managing director of project execution for the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations.

New embassy already too small
Fast forward more than two decades. The streets are jammed with cars, and high-rise construction projects dot a fast-changing skyline.

Lack of funding during most of the 1990s delayed plans for the new embassy, Toussaint said. However, following the deadly 1998 bombings at U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, the U.S. began to secure and upgrade embassies worldwide.

Violent protests outside the Beijing embassy after the U.S. bombed the Chinese Embassy in Bel-grade in 1999 spurred plans to move the embassy to a safer location with a 100-foot security setback, Toussaint said.

The U.S. government insisted that the bombing by a B-2 stealth bomber was an accident - a claim Beijing rejected. Ambassador James Sasser was then the U.S. Ambassador to China.


Friday, 23rd May 2008 - New US Embassy ready to start taking shape

The foundation stone of the new, state-of-the-art and environment-friendly US Embassy was laid in a symbolic "ground-breaking" ceremony under a marquee at its Ta' Qali site yesterday.

The construction of the embassy complex, covering an area of some 10 acres and scheduled to be completed in early 2010, is estimated to pump over $20 million into the local economy.

"We hope to use the talents of as many Maltese workers as possible. Most of the subcontracts will go to local firms, injecting millions of dollars and numerous jobs into the economy," US Ambassador Molly Bordonaro said before donning a hard hat and shoveling sand with a spade in a symbolic gesture.

Declaring the site ready for construction... Bob Gill, American International Contractors Inc. project manager, Joseph Toussaint, head of the State Department's Office of Overseas Building Operations, Ambassador Molly Bordonaro and OBO's local site manager Thomas Weber.

  • United States Department of State Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations - Joseph W. Toussaint Deputy Director for Program Development, Coordination, and Support
  • July 2008 - United States Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors Office of Inspector General Report of Inspection Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations

  • Castle Keep For Islamabad 31 May, 2009 — RickBVia Jeremy Scahill-

    The White House has asked Congress for — and seems likely to receive — $736 million to build a new U.S. embassy in Islamabad, along with permanent housing for U.S. government civilians and new office space in the Pakistani capital. The scale of the projects rivals the giant U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, which was completed last year after construction delays at a cost of $740 million.

    The U.S. government also plans to revamp its consular buildings in the eastern city of Lahore and in Peshawar, the regional capital of the militancy plagued North West Frontier Province. The consulate in the southern megacity of Karachi has just been relocated into a new purpose-built accommodation. A senior State Department official confirmed that the U.S. plan for the consulate in Peshawar involves the purchase of the luxury Pearl Continental hotel. The official spoke on the condition of anonymity because he wasn’t authorized to speak publicly.


    Hysteria over New U.S. Embassy
    Tuesday, August 18, 2009
    Viewpoint By Sadiq Saleem

    The usual America-bashers in Pakistan are going hysterical over the planned expansion of the US embassy in Islamabad instead of seeing it as a symbol of the US commitment to remain engaged with the country. If these people are to be believed, there is something sinister about the expansion of the US embassy.

    They have done no research on the size of American diplomatic missions in other countries and their bearing on US relations with the host country. As is often the case, it is all about hyping up anti-American sentiment without sharing facts. Here are the facts, then.

    The size of an embassy reflects the nature and depth of relations between two countries. If Pakistan wants US aid and US military hardware then it should be pleased that the US is committing resources and personnel to its relationship with Pakistan.


  • Pakistan car bomb kills U.S. diplomat, 3 others - Dozens wounded in attack near U.S. consulate ahead of Bush’s visit
  • Tuesday, 9 July, 2002, 06:53 GMT 07:53 UK - Karachi bomb suspects arrested
  • Critical Threat

    Belgrade’s 1968 student unrest spurs nostalgia

    Belgrade, June 5 (DPA) Belgrade is marking 40 years since Europe’s 1968 student protests, a seemingly happier time long before the wars that ripped Yugoslavia apart into several countries. As Serbia wavers over closer ties with the European Union, 1968 offers a nostalgic feeling that Serbs were then part of a global community, demonstrating for freer societies even though Josip Broz Tito’s communist regime didn’t shake.

    "It was a year when the world dreamed one dream and Belgrade was the world," Djordje Vukovic, who participated in the Belgrade protests, said at the opening of one of several exhibitions on the student unrest.

    After youth protests erupted in Belgrade on the night of July 2, students at Belgrade University went into a seven-day strike. Police beat the students and banned all public gatherings.

    Students then gathered at the university’s Faculty of Philosophy, held debates and speeches on the social justice, and handed out copies of the banned magazine Student.

    "For us it was a rare opportunity to be in a society which is in line with history, to have whatever is happening in the world happen here as well," Dragoljub Micunovic, one of the participants, told Serbia’s Tanjug news agency.

    To revisit 1968, film projections and forums are planned and the Historical Archive in Belgrade will host an exhibition including leaflets, copies of Student magazine, photographs and other archive materials from the year of upheaval.

    Student protests had begun a few years earlier in the mid-1960s in the US, then spread to Europe in 1967 and 1968, flaring up in places like Germany, Italy, Spain, Mexico and Poland.

    Beograd - Serbian Attack - USA embassy [21.02.2008] - thanks for TVN24 - BELGRADE, Serbia — Serb rioters broke into the U.S. Embassy and set fire to an office Thursday, and police clashed with protesters outside after a large demonstration against Kosovo's declaration of independence.

    The embassy said a charred body was found in the embassy after the attack. "It was found at the part of the building set on fire by the protesters," embassy spokeswoman Rian Harris said. She said all embassy staffers were accounted for; Belgrade's Pink TV said the body appeared to be that of a rioter.

    Masked attackers broke into the U.S. compound, which was closed at the time, just after 7 p.m. and tried to throw furniture from an office. They set fire to the office and flames shot up the side of the building.

    It took police about 45 minutes to appear at the scene, and firefighters arrived about the same time and put out the blaze. Police secured the U.S. Embassy and surrounding area, blocking off all access.

    All U.S. personnel at the embassy were accounted for, but a badly burned body, apparently the remains of a protester, was found inside, U.S. officials said.

    February 10, 2010
    Embassy of the United States of America- Belgrade - Serbia

    "It appeared to have been a protester who was caught in the fire that had been set by the protesters, not as a result of any interaction with U.S. security forces," said William H. Wanlund, an embassy spokesman.

    Officials, including 70 diplomats who serve in Belgrade, were not in the embassy at the time of the attack. U.S. Marine guards and other security personnel were not in the chancery, the building that was attacked, when demonstrators entered, officials said.

    U.S. and Serbian Officials Break Ground for New Embassy Compound

    U.S. Ambassador Mary Warlick, Minister for the Environment and Spatial Planning Oliver Dulic, Mayor Dragan Djilas of the City of Belgrade and Managing Director for Construction, Facility & Security Management of the Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations Rod Evans broke ground for the New Embassy Compound (NEC) in Belgrade today at 12:00 noon.

    Ambassador Warlick stressed that this new investment of over $100 million dollars will contribute to the city of Belgrade and anticipated that over five hundred local workers will be employed in the construction. “This new U.S. Embassy will be a symbol of our commitment to an enduring vibrant and lasting partnership between the United States and Serbia, as well as our commitment to work together with Serbia to find lasting solutions to our common challenges,” Ambassador Warlick stated.

    The New Embassy Compound will be the first LEED™ (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certified building in Serbia and will serve to encourage greater interest in Green Building initiatives. The NEC will be constructed by Framaco International of Rye Brook, New York, while the compound was designed by the architectural firm of Louis Berger Group of Morristown, New Jersey.

    The proposed completion date for the NEC is 2012.


    A fitting day (July 4, 2008) for the opening of the new U.S. embassy at Pariser Platz 2 next to the Brandenburg Gate. The embassy gave a great party with music and, most importantly, BBQ!


    U.S. Embassy 1938 beside the Brandenburg Gate

    U.S. Embassy 2008 beside the Brandenburg Gate


    Mr. Lang-ston Smith - better known as "Smitty"

    Otto Otepka was born on May 6, 1915 in Chicago of Czech-born immigrant parents. His father had been a blacksmith and worked in America at a forge.

    U.S. Passport Office 1972-1975 - "Smitty" had a habit of not being able to pronounce the "sk" sound. No matter how he tried he could not do it. Instead "Smitty" would put an "x" sound inevitably in whatever word it was that had the "sk". So whenever "Smitty" wanted something he would come up to me with the great big old smile and say, "Joe I need to "AX" you something". I never really understood what the problem was that "Smitty" could not simply say "ask". Do you know? This was while the Passport Office was located on "K" Street, before 1975 when some services were moved into Main State on 21st and C St, NW

    Visit msnbc.com for breaking news, world news, and news about the economy



    I had been back in Washington and in the building when the bomb went off.

    November 1974: Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Security Victor Dikeos (left) stands with graduates of the Office of Security's (SY's) first special agents training course. The development of formal training programs permitted SY to hire college graduates with little or no security or law enforcement training, and mold them to meet specific duty requirements. Dikeos was instrumental in reorganizing and transforming SY to better address the Department's security, protection, and technology requirements in an era of terrorist threats. (DS Records)

    I began work a second time on January 20, 1975 in the Main State 21st and C St., N.W., and then on January 29, 1975: Bomb damage to a third floor bathroom in the Main State (now Harry S Truman) building of the U.S. Department of State. The Weather Underground, a splinter group of the radical leftist Weathermen group, plants the bomb to protest President Gerald R. Ford's Vietnam policy. Among the damaged offices is that of the chief of the SY Division of Investigations. (Source: DS Records)- Joe Payne - The same group The Weather Underground was suspected of ploting bombings during the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles.

    1975 Diplomatic Couriers

    DA Assistant Secretaries

    Assistant Secretaries of State for Diplomatic Security 1985-2008: Seven different Assistant Secretaries of State for the Bureau of Diplomatic Security have served the Bureau with distinction since its creation in 1985. The Assistant Secretary serves concurrently as Director of the Bureau's Office of Foreign Missions. The Assistant Secretary of State for DS leads a powerful global force of some 40,000 special agents, engineers, couriers, security specialists, and other professionals who make up the security and law enforcement arm of the U.S. Department of State. Listed on the sidebar are the counterpart directors of predecessor security offices within the U.S. Department of State. (Source: U.S. Department of State)


    Click on picture for an enlargement

    In this picture is Homer Mobley, Ron ?, me and Willard Taylor. Mr. Taylor was a GS-13 and kept a bottle of Wild Turkey in his gray file cabinet. Many days Mr. Taylor would come from his office smelling of that drink but the fact is that Willard Taylor outranked anyone else in our office. He was always looking for a drinking buddy at work and Ron ? obliged Mr. Taylor on occasion. You have to close your eyes to some things like that if you expect to work for the Federal Government. I found that out in all the Government jobs I had since then.

    Assistant Secretary of State for Diplomatic Security Eric J. Boswell testifies before the Senate Homeland Security Subcommitt on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia about the challenges of protecting U.S. diplomatic personnel, information, and facilities in today's world.

    Risks in Combat Zones, Government Panel
    Jul 26, 2010

    Commission on Wartime Contracting

    US Embassy Expansion Plan in Pakistan ignites Protests

    Feb 3, 2011
    This is the official U.S. Embassy, Islamabad

    History of the Bureau of Diplomatic Security of the United States Department of State

    Below excerts from Chapter 7 and Chapter 8

    ACCELERATING TRANSFORMATION
    Enhancing Security, 1979-1985

    Yet SY also lacked the staff to meet the growing security demands. After only a few weeks on the job, David C. Fields, who replaced Marvin Garrett as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Security, admitted that SY was "hardpressed to handle its traditional responsibilities and growing demands." In fact, in addition to 30 vacancies, SY experienced a decline in staff between 1980 and 1982. In order to free resources for the new security demands that it faced, SY, in 1982, "surrendered, with qualms," its long-held task of conducting background investigations of applicants for civil service jobs to the Office of Personnel Management.58

    Whereas the Acceleration program asked for 40 additional security officers overseas, 90 SEOs, 14 communications staff, 30 new administration staff (for training) and 100 additional Seabees, the supplemental submitted to Congress requested 26 security officers, 15 SEOs, 15 communications staff, 20 administration staff, and 50 Seabees. The Acceleration program asked for $37.3 million for armored vehicles over 5 years, but the supplemental requested $11 million. The Acceleration program wanted $3 million for new security improvements for Main State and $2 million for the Rewards for Information program; the supplemental asked for $1 million for each. There was $1 million for research into an ideal embassy (this would become the Model Embassy program), and $28 million to seek and obtain new sites for the most vulnerable embassies. In all, SY sought 87 new people and approximately $60 million in new funding for security enhancements.87

    Members of the House and Senate were sympathetic to the Department's supplemental request; however, Senate committee hearings revealed that the impediments to improving security overseas rested with the OMB, not Congress's reluctance to appropriate funds. The Department requested money to improve security at 70 posts, but OMB limited it to 35 posts. The Department requested funds to install physical access control projects at 10 posts; OMB cut it to 2. OMB cut the number of new Regional Security Officers from 104 to 51, and reduced the armored vehicle program from 120 to 60 vehicles. OMB also denied a $12 million request for 310 new Marine Security Guards, and refused a $1.7 million request to improve security at Main State. Of the $174 million of security improvement requests by the Department of State, OMB permitted $28 million. In exasperation, Senator Joseph Biden (D-Delaware) exclaimed, "Is the OMB on our side or on their side? Who does OMB work for?"88

    ALL UNDER ONE ROOF
    A Bureau for Diplomatic Security, 1986-1992

    Regarding the "LoneTree Affair" - After Bracy's March 1987 confession, the White House, Department of State, Marine Corps, and other agencies were in a "near crisis" atmosphere, and the Department of State and the Marine Corps quickly made several changes to security at Embassy Moscow. On March 25, the Department ordered the Embassy to stop transmission of all classified communications and processing of classified information. All communications equipment - a total of 120 crates - as well as the secure conference rooms were removed and returned to Washington for inspection. Classified communications did not restart until April 1988, when Secretary Shultz travelled to Moscow for a two-day visit. On March 30, 1987, the entire Marine Security Guard detail was replaced with 28 new Marines.

    Regional Security Officer Frederick Mecke, who had requested Bracy's removal from post and had improved security at the Embassy, was recalled and reassigned to Washington. Mecke's reassignment was not unusual; by November 1987, around 70 percent of Embassy personnel received new assignments and were replaced.36 (He was replaced by Marvin Doig, who had been enjoying the 1987 America's Cup in Australia with long time friend and associate George Payne)